Humanism and Christianity in the 15th Century
Nowadays, science and society can give a great variety of definitions of the humanism concept. However, one can say that humanism is an ideology, according to which the highest value of life is a person, his or her freedom, intelligence, talents; all other forms of the reality correspond to the person and the person corresponds to them. In the 15th century, the humanity doctrine affected the Christian church very strongly.
The phenomenon of humanism was widely spread in fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The principal idea of the humanistic doctrine was that the mankind had an opportunity to predominate over the nature and to control its elements and also to create that society, which will correspond to its desires and needs. The mentioned statements allowed people to understand that they were not inferior to God, but they were similar to God. Humanism contains not simply a set of humanitarian occupations, but the philology appearing as ideology of this doctrine. Hence, the humanists offered their interpretation of the Bible. The new interpretation of the Bible had many odds with the church regulations, but this fact often was withheld. Regarding the question of original sin in humanistic understanding there was a view that human nature had not changed after the fall. This argument allowed to combine the Augustinian interpretation of the biblical doctrine of predestination with the humanist doctrine about innate human tendency to do good. However, concerning the fact that the only centers of education and enlightenment were the churches at that period, the humanists implemented in the society the idea of knowledge and self-perfection importance.
The ideological movement of humanity has the essential impact on interpretation of the Christian doctrine. However, most changes were positive and useful for the society of the 15th century. Regarding this fact, the understanding of humanity became the special period in the history of religion.