There are different types of literature reviews. Let’s take a look at the most common ones that are used in the process of teaching the business industry.
Narrative Literature Review
It represents an extensive, completely unbiased description of the information space, with a touch of criticism. It helps define the theory of your student work, and also provides direction, context, and message. Such an overview serves as a good indicator of logical motives and themes in the texts. You can identify inaccuracies and omissions of some factors in the literary text using this type of review. Also, it is possible to point out the lack of knowledge and low information content. This type of work can also be called as a traditional review.
It makes possible to generalize the size of a literary work and subject it to constructive criticism. Also, you can make general judgments about the content and point out shortcomings in awareness of a particular topic. To conduct a narrative review, you need to accurately identify the research issue.
Argumentative Literature Review
This type of work produces a selective study of the literature. It can confirm or, on the contrary, does not agree with the statement or the put forward theory in the literary text. The main negative feature of an argumentative review is a kind of subjectivity in conclusions.
Thanks to this type of research, selective acquaintance with the literature occurs, which helps to decide whether it is worth accepting or refuting the theory put forward in the text. The main message and task of this method are to create a collection of literature, which shows a different vision of the problem. Often, this type of review is a fairly valuable unit and can be used in discourse and serious social areas such as educational reform and immigration control. But do not forget about the subjective component of the argumentative review.
Systematic Literature Review
This type of review is characterized by a clear framework and specific approaches to the study area. This is its main difference from all the remaining reviews. Systematization and strict adherence to all points are the main features of this type of paper. A systematic review of the literature has the peculiarity of a global study, as well as an accurate concretization of the period for which the necessary literature was selected. A systematic literature review is divided into 2 types – meta-synthesis and meta-analysis.
When performing a meta-analysis, the indicators of two or more studies are used in the same area. Their analysis, study, and description are carried out using the established algorithm of actions. This type of research has features of a deductive method. During a meta-analysis of the literature, connections and consistency are identified, and conclusions are drawn from the research.
In turn, meta-synthesis takes non-statistical methods of research as a basis. Namely, an inductive approach to review. It can assist in evaluating, comparing, combining, and decoding the results of several works.
A systematic review helps to make a qualitative selection, characterize the work from a critical point of view, and find the answer to the question posed. This type of review requires a clear plan of action. All work must be carried out following established rules and regulations. A systematic review can serve as a basis for further research and other reviews because it is transparent and extensive. But for this, you must have a clear structure, plan, and general idea of your work. A well-thought-out review strategy, search terms, and restrictions are essential.
Integrative Literature Review
This type of research is a comprehensive review, characterization, and criticism of the secondary data of the research subject. Thus, fresh plans and boundaries are formed. An integrated review is suitable for conducting research that does not involve the accumulation of information and its assessment.
An integrative literature review is an analysis in which new knowledge and information are generated in a particular area. There are no precise and clear guidelines for writing this type of review. But we suggest you look through the examples of ready-made reviews, for a better understanding of the essence of this analysis and its contribution to the knowledge base on human resource development.
These types of reviews are based on the analysis of scientific papers over a specific time frame. This usually happens when a theory, concept, problem, and phenomenon first appear in the literature. They are evaluated and monitored. Their development and distribution are being studied. The main idea of the historical overview is to place the learning process in a historical context, which will be very useful for subsequent research and development.
Theoretical Literature Review
A literary review of theoretical literature focuses on the unity of all concepts obtained and accumulated about a problem in a particular area. Such a review is very important for the systematization of already known existing theories, and different types of literature review, as well as for establishing connections between them. Thanks to the review of theoretical literature, it becomes possible to create modern methods and theories in the study of issues. The main difference between this type of review and the empirical one is the absence of a practical component and the focus on the theoretical aspects of science. Thanks to the theoretical review, it becomes possible to create new theories and methods of study.
To carry out a theoretical review, it is necessary to be well aware of existing research methods on a global, national, and local scale. At the end of the review, you will receive a conclusion and find out what gaps in knowledge were allowed.
When developing a literature review plan, you need to decide on the type of literature review, specify it, and explain your choice. It should be based on the field of research, on the type of issues and methods.
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