Components of an Argumentative Essay

components of argumentative essay

An argumentative essay is a form of composition in which you must defend a viewpoint or dispute a point. To produce an effective argumentative essay, you must first grasp what it entails. An argumentative essay is a type of writing that encourages students to research a topic; collect, create, and evaluate evidence; and arrive at an opinion on the issue in a logical and sensible way.

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

Thesis statement

A thesis statement is usually the main point of your essay. It expresses your opinion or position on a specific topic, and it should be concise and clear. Your thesis statement should be one sentence long.


Your argument will be more persuasive if you provide evidence to support it. This could come from many places, like research studies, expert opinions, personal experiences or statistics.


After you’ve presented your evidence, you must then explain how it supports your thesis statement. This explanation should be simple and to the point, allowing readers to see why and how your data is important.


The argument is the heart of an argumentative essay. This is where you make your case for your position on the topic. You should present your argument in a clear and logical manner, using evidence to support it.


The conclusion of an argumentative essay is where you restate your position on the topic and summarize the main points of your argument.

Structure of an Argumentative Essay

There are three main components to an argumentative essay: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Each of these parts serves a specific purpose in the essay and should be included in your outline.

The introduction is where you will present your thesis statement. This is the main idea of your essay and should be clearly stated at the beginning

The Introduction

When writing an argumentative paper, you must first decide which side of the issue you will be arguing. Once you have chosen a side, you must then develop a thesis statement. Your thesis statement should state your position on the issue and why you believe that position to be correct. In order to introduce your argument, you must first provide some background information on the topic. You should also introduce the opposing view and explain why it is wrong. Only after you have done all of this can you introduce your argument in detail.

The Body

Now that you have introduced your argument, it is time to provide evidence to support your position. This evidence can come from a variety of sources, including research studies, real-world examples, and expert opinions.

When providing evidence, be sure to include specific details and quotes from your sources. This will help to strengthen your argument and make your argument more persuasive.

The Conclusion

The conclusion of an argumentative essay should be the final paragraph that presents your position on the issue. In order to write a strong conclusion, you need to restate your thesis and main points. You can also include a call to action or make a recommendation for further action. Be sure to leave your readers with something to think about!

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